Characters who « change sides ».

The autor of comics or else of novel sometimes look for break codes. They are creating Super Heroes or Super Villains who decide to change for become nasty or kind.

  • Dark Vador in the Star War story is a typical example of that.

Dark Vador

Dark Vador is a character of the story of Star Wars. Star Wars is a science fiction universe created in 1977 by the american screenwriter and producer of movies Georges Lucas . The story takes place in distant galaxy and is based on the struggle between the Jedi Knights who represent the light side of the Force and Sith who represent the dark side of the Force.

Dark Vador is a good exemple of characters who changes sides because at the beginning of the Stars Wars saga his name is Anakin Skywalker. He is a Jedi prophesied to bring balance to the light Force. Jedis are warriors who fight for the peace of the galaxy and endowed of powers. So, he is intended to do good. However, he joins the dark side of the Force and name changes to  Darth Vader or Dark Vador in french and becomes the Dark Lord Sith.He then becomes a ruthless commander who kills and tortures. So when he is Dark Vador, he represents the bad, he’s a shameless murderer. He follows the worst features of the wicked and villains. Even so at the end, he becomes again Anakin Skywalker so someone kind by seeing the sufferings of his son. He saves his son, Luke and kills Palpatine. Darth Vader died but he realizes his intended, the balance is restored in the Force.

Here is an extract from the movie of Georges Lucas of 1983, when Dark Vador and his son are fighting each other.

  • In the classical literature you can see heroes like Jacques Collins who decides to change. J.Collins is a character from the novels of french writer Honoré de Balzac in “The Human Comedy” series but he never appears with the same name or the same job. We chose the   extract of the book “Father Goriot”. In this book, the name of Jacques Collins is Vautrin. This passage relate the Vautrin’s arrest.

    The Human Comedy, Balzac

Vautrin in « Father Goriot »

“A sound of footsteps came from the garden,and again the rifles of several soldiers rang

on the cobblestones under the window. All chance of salvation by flight was cut off for Trompe-la-Mort, to whom all eyes instinctively turned. The chief walked straight up to him, and commenced operations by giving him asharp blow on the head, so that the wig fell off, and Collin’s face was revealed in all its ugliness. There was a terrible suggestion of strength mingled with cunning in the short, brick-red crop of hair, the whole head was in harmony with his powerful frame, and at that moment the fires of hell seemed to gleam from his eyes. In that flash the real Vautrin shone forth, revealed at once before them all; they understood his past, his present, and future, his pitiless doctrines, his actions, the religion of his own good pleasure, the majesty with which his cynicism and contempt for mankind invested him, the physical strength of an organization proof against all trials. The blood flew to his face, and his eyes glared like the eyes of a wild cat. He started back with savage energy and a fierce growl that drew exclamations of alarm from the lodgers. At that leonine start the police caught at their pistols under cover of the general clamor.”

 In this passage, who can see a man which looks like an animal.

“his eyes glared like the eyes of a wild cat”

So, Vautrin is compared to a wild cat and generally they are dangerous but the cat is also an animal mysterious. So the reader can be suspicious with regard to Vautrin.

The narrator also says:

“He started back with savage energy and a fierce growl that drew

exclamations of alarm from the lodgers.”

Vautrin in this passage, cries that is compared to a roar like lions’s roaring. And the lion is an animal dangerous, wild, unpredictable. It’s a predator and the king of the jungle. So, the reador can be afraid by him. Vautrin is seen as danger.

He is very dreadful in part when his wig falls we can see that his hair are red.

“the wig fell off, and Collin’s face was revealed in all its ugliness. There was a terrible suggestion of strength mingled with cunning in the short, brick-red crop of hair, the whole head was in harmony with his powerful frame, and at that moment the fires of hell seemed to gleam from his eyes.”

A person red-headed symbolizes the hell, the damnable, so a very not good person.

 In this passage, we can see the bad side of Vautrin. He is seen as an animal dangerous, and as a representation of hell and the absolute evil.

Moreover, in others passages of “The Human Comedy” Vautrin is a determined man. He

will do anything to achieve is goal even kill. He is a manipulator. He thus possesses all the characteristics of a villain.

 However during the different story,  we discover also a man with the good quality like in the story of “The splendors and miseries of courtesans”. In this novel his name is Carlos Herrera. He is a priest. I am going to read the end of this novel, because we can see that Carlos Herrera so Jacques Collins changes.

 “He remained a whole hour alone and forgotten in that little room. Monsieur de Granville arrived and found him gloomy, standing up, and lost in a brown study, as a man may well be who makes an 18th Brumaire in his life.The public prosecutor went to the door of the Countess’ room, and remained there a few minutes; then he turned to

Jacques Collin and said:

-« You have not changed your mind? »

-« No, monsieur. »

-« Well, then, you will take Bibi-Lupin’s place, and Calvi’s sentence will be commuted. »

-« And he is not to be sent to Rochefort? »

-« Not even to Toulon; you may employ him in your service. But these reprieves and your appointment depend on your conduct for the next six months as subordinate to Bibi-Lupin. »

Within a week Bibi-Lupin’s new deputy had helped the Crottat family to recover four hundred thousand francs, and had brought Ruffard and Godet to justice. The price of the certificates sold by Esther Gobseck was found in the courtesan’s mattress, and Monsieur de Serizy handed over to Jacques Collin the three hundred thousand francs left to him by Lucien de Rubempre.

The monument erected by Lucien’s orders for Esther and himself is considered one of the finest in Pere-Lachaise, and the earth beneath it belongs to Jacques Collin. After exercising his functions for about fifteen years Jacques Collin retired in 1845.”

 As you can see, Jacques Collins joined the rank of the police after the death of Lucien. This death made change him because he was in love with Lucien. So, he becomes a good person.

In conclusion in saga or in literature, some heroes change sides to become better or worse. Usually, they change because of their feelings.

 

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